Risky Structure Building Strengthening
Can risky buildings be strengthened? How to strengthen in risky buildings? We answered all your questions about the strengthening of risky buildings. Here are the curiosities about risky structure reinforcement;
First of all, it will be correct to understand whether your building is earthquake resistant.
IS YOUR BUILDING RESISTANT TO EARTHQUAKE?
In order to answer this question, four issues should be considered.
Project construction date of the building is important. Turkey earthquake regulations between the ten years 1940-2019 entered into force. The design conditions, coefficients, and earthquake zones in the ongoing regulation have been revised.
The lack of quality and technical control of the material under construction conditions of the building, the use of non-ribbed reinforcement, the absence of ready-mixed concrete technology indicates that the building is not resistant to earthquakes.
In line with the contractors and journeymen who are not competent in building construction, inadequate engineering services and commercial interests; Using the missing reinforcement, making the cement with insufficient cement ratio, and using unscreened sea sand, arbitrarily out of the static project can be said to be resistant to earthquake.
Buildings not constructed according to the static design of the building; adding leakage additional floors or even adding the building from outside line 1. It can be said that the building is resistant to earthquake in the first degree.
MY NEIGHBOR HAS RISKY BUILDING REPORT WHAT SHOULD I DO?
In accordance with the law, one of the floor owners can get a risky structure report by applying to a company authorized by the ministry. With the approval of this report, a notification is made about the evacuation of the building within 90 days.
In this case, the floor owners have two ways. Either the building will be demolished or structural earthquake strengthening will be done and the problem will be solved.
If reinforcement path is chosen; 3/4 of the floor owners' approval is sought in order to take the building reinforcement decision. If this ratio is not provided, for the benefit of the majority, this situation will be strengthened by the court decision by initiating the legal process, strengthening the structure, and by determining the earthquake resistant report and determination.
After the reinforcement license is obtained, the reinforcement construction is completed and the building gets a resettlement certificate, the risky building situation will disappear and the building will be resistant to earthquakes.
CAN EVERY BUILDING BE STRENGTHENED?
The answer to this question is technically yes. But the cost approach comes into play. If the strengthening cost approaches the cost of reconstruction, it would be more technically appropriate to demolish the building by demolishing it. Although the strengthening cost of the building is in severe decreases (floor decrease, shrinkage of the seating area) in the current zoning status, getting reinforcement will provide more value to the floor owners.
You can read this article for the answer to the question of how much does building reinforcement cost.
HOW TO TRANSLATE THE RISKY BUILDING REPORT FOR STRENGTHENING?
The works that compose the risky report are also used in retrofitting project studies. Although efforts are made to strengthen this situation at the very beginning, the risky process can be started.
In this case, strengthening works can be done by taking advantage of the structure, exemption from the fees that are the benefits of urban transformation, rental assistance, and state loan support.
DOES LOCAL STRENGTHENING USE FOR THE BUILDING?
First of all, it is useful to say that local reinforcement that will be done unconsciously will do more harm than good. Especially the structural reinforcement made to physically corroded carrier elements made with the logic of the journeyman is inconvenient because it is not done with a calculation logic.
Competent engineering service should be obtained in building reinforcement works.
DOES THE BUILDING REGISTRATION CERTIFICATE RECEIVED FROM THE PEACE OF ZONING SHOW THAT THE BUILDING IS RESISTANT TO EARTHQUAKE?
The answer to this question is absolutely no. The Ministry is based on the declarations of the floor owners by law. In other words, it is not required to report that a building with a building registration certificate is resistant to earthquakes. This report can be given as a result of analyzes and audits to be carried out by specialist companies and technical universities like us. However, the full declarations are essential in the development peace.